Osteoporosis is a medical condition in which bones are thinned and weakened. The first sign of osteoporosis may be when a bone breaks. Risk factors that a person can control include diet, inactivity, smoking, the use of alcohol, hormone levels, and low weight. Increasing calcium and vitamin D in the diet, exercise, limiting the use of tobacco and alcohol, and certain medications may help prevent osteoporosis.

Research has suggested that a link between osteoporosis and bone loss in the jaw does exist. Studies suggest that osteoporosis may lead to tooth loss because the density of the bone that supports the teeth may decrease. However, hormone replacement therapy or medications such as Fosamax (a biophosphate) may offer some protection.

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